On painted walls and woodwork,
a solution of one tablespoon of trisodium phosphate (TSP) in
1 gallon warm water, applied with a sponge should remove this
soil. Rinse well with a sponge dipped in clear water. Wiping
off excess water with absorbent cotton rags (which can be laundered
and reused many times) leaves the surface cleaner. Change washing
and rinse waters often.
If this solution does not remove
the sooty soil, a little more TSP can be added but try not to
get much more than 2 tablespoonsful per gallon. Too much TSP
will dull the surface of paint, or actually remove paint. TSP
is sold in paint stores used by professional painters, and is
actually used in stronger concentrations to remove paint or dull
the surface gloss of enamel before repainting.
Alkalis that may be added to
warm water for removing these greasy soil deposits include ammonia,
washing soda, and laundry detergent (low sudsing types are easiest
to rinse off). Try a small amount first, and only increase the
concentration if the soil is stubborn, remembering too strong
a solution will remove some paint. Wear rubber gloves to protect
your skin. Avoid spilling on other surfaces in the room and wipe
up promptly if spills do occur.
Cleaning off such soil is best
done as an annual chore, in late spring, after the heating season
is ended. Then walls will stay clean longer.
Wallpaper - Removing Spots and
Fingermarks, smudges, pencil
Rub gently with art gum or commercial
wallpaper cleaner. On washable paper, wipe with damp sponge,
or sudsy sponge and then damp sponge if needed to remove mark.
1. Hold clean white blotter
or several white paper towels over spot and press with warm iron
until grease is absorbed by towels.
2. If grease still remains, apply a paste spot remover; brush
off after it dries to a powder.
3. If washable paper--may be able to wipe off with sudsy sponge,
followed by damp sponge.
Crayon: (You have to remove
both wax/grease and color.)
1. If thick amount left, scrape
off excess with table knife.
2. Use warm iron and white paper towel method as under "grease
3. For non-washable papers, try paste spot remover as under "grease
spots". Or wipe gently with a cloth moistened with denatured
alcohol or spot remover; these are flammable and vapors are toxic,
so be sure there is no flame, spark, or pilot light in area,
have plenty of ventilation, and use only on small spots.
4. For washable papers, use sudsy sponge after steps 1 and 2.
Try not to smear the residue. ***Buy washable crayons for children!
Wallpaper Cleaning - "Scrubbable"
Wallcoverings labeled "scrubbable"
are vinyl or vinyl-impregnated paper. They can be scrubbed with
a foam cleanser or all-purpose detergent, using a sponge or soft
cloth, and rinsed with clean sponge or cloth. Do not use any
abrasive liquid cleaners ("Softscrub",etc), nor any
scouring powders nor any other abrasives, as these could scratch
the vinyl finish. These wallcoverings are more practical for
rooms that get lots of use.