Handy First Aid Tips
When someone is injured or suddenly
becomes ill, there is usually a critical period before you can
get medical treatment and it is this period that is of the utmost
importance to the victim. What you do, or what you don't do,
in that interval can mean the difference between life and death.
You owe it to yourself, your family and your neighbors to know
and to understand procedures that you can apply quickly and intelligently
in an emergency.
Every household should have some
type of first aid
kit, and if you do not already have one, assemble your supplies
now. Tailor the contents to fit your family's particular needs.
Don't add first aid supplies
to the jumble of toothpaste and cosmetics in the medicine cabinet.
Instead, assemble them in a suitable, labeled box (such as a
fishing tackle box or small took chest with hinged cover), so
that everything will be handy when needed. Label everything in
the kit clearly, and indicate what it is used for. Be sure not
to lock the box - otherwise you may be hunting for the key when
that emergency occurs. Place the box on a shelf beyond the reach
of small children, and check it periodically and always restock
items as soon as they are used up.
Keep all medications, including
non-prescription drugs such as aspirin, out of reach of children.
When discarding drugs, be sure to dispose of them where they
cannot be retrieved by children or pets.
When an emergency occurs, make sure
the injured victim's airway is not blocked by the tongue and
that the mouth is free of any secretions and foreign objects.
It is extremely important that the person is breathing freely.
And if not, you need to administer artificial respiration promptly.
See that the victim has a pulse
and good blood circulation as you check for signs of bleeding.
Act fast if the victim is bleeding severly or if he has swallowed
poison or if his heart or breathing has stopped. Remember every
Although most injured persons
can be safely moved, it is vitally important not to move a person
with serious neck or back injuries unless you have to save him
from further danger. Keep the patient lying down and quiet. If
he has vomited and there is no danger that his neck is broken,
turn him on his side to prevent choking and keep him warm by
covering him with blankets or coats.
Have someone call for medical
assistance while you apply first aid. The person who summons
help should explain the nature of the emergency and ask what
should be done pending the arrival of the ambulance. Reassure
the victim, and try to remain calm yourself. Your calmness can
allay the fear and panic of the patient.
Don't give fluids to an unconscious
or semiconscious person; fluids may enter his windpipe and cause
suffocation. Don't try to arouse an unconscious person by slapping
Look for an emergency medical
identification card or an emblematic device that the victim may
be wearing to alert you to any health problems, allergies or
diseases that may require special care.